Environment

Two New Reports Show Trans-Pacific Partnership has Major Agricultural, Labor and Environmental Deficiencies

National Farmers Union, USA (4 December 2015).
[Extract] Several major deficiencies in the Trans-Pacific Partnership pact (TPP) – including failure to address currency manipulation or set in place adequate labor and environmental standards – are clear evidence that passage of this pact would hurt American food processors, family farmers and ranchers, while also posing serious threats to U.S. domestic beef production and prices, according to two advisory reports submitted this week.

  • Minority Report to the Agricultural Policy Advisory Committee for Trade (APAC)
  • Minority Report Report from the Animal and Animal Products Agricultural Technical Advisory Committee for Trade (ATAC)

A Dirty Deal: How the TPP Threatens Our Climate

Ilana Solomon and Ben Beachy, Sierra Club (2 December 2015).
20 – 9 – Climate Change – Emissions Targets – Investor-State Dispute Settlement (ISDS)

[Extract] Beyond making no effort to combat climate disruption, the TPP would actually fuel the climate crisis. If approved, the pact would increase greenhouse gas emissions and undermine efforts to transition to clean energy. The TPP’s biggest threats to our climate are as follows…”

TPP must not block the path to healthy climate action

Alexandra Macmillan & Rhys Jones, NZHerald (27 November 2015).
[Extract] The path towards a healthy climate will be a rocky one in the coming year. December’s global negotiations in Paris are a crucial crossroads for choosing between bold new routes to health through well-designed climate action or continuing to threaten human survival and wellbeing. Meanwhile, the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) agreement is about to add another giant obstacle to progress…”

  • Both authors are co-convenors of OraTaiao

Environment Chapter: The TPP Would Increase Risks to Our Air, Water, and Climate (Short Analysis)

Sierra Club, further published by Public Citizen (20 November 2015).
20 – Conservation – Multilateral Environmental Agreement (MEA) – Endangered Species (CITES) –  Climate Change – Fossil Fuel – Gas

Weak Conservation Rules: While the range of conservation issues mentioned in the TPP may be wide, the obligations – what countries are actually required to do – are generally very shallow. Vague obligations combined with weak enforcement, as described below, may allow countries to continue with business-as-usual practices that threaten our environment.…”

TPP Text Analysis: Environment Chapter Fails to Protect the Environment (Long Analysis)

Sierra Club (20 November 2015)
20 – Multilateral Environmental Agreement (MEA) – Illegally Sourced Resources – Forestry – Wildlife – Marine – Subsidies – Climate Change – UNFCCC – ISDS

[Extract] The final TPP environment chapter fails to provide adequate protection in five of six environmentally critical areas, while doing nothing to strengthen an enforcement mechanism that has consistently failed to curb environmental violations on the ground. Below is an analysis of the environment chapter’s provisions in these key areas, compared to the standards for adequate environmental protection identified in the October 29 letter from U.S. environmental organizations…

TPP & the Environment: An Assessment of Commitments and Trade Agreement Enforcement

Center for International Environmental Law, CIEL (17 November 2015).
20 – ISDS – Existing Treaties – “Multilateral Environmental Agreements” (MEA) – Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) – Public Submission

[Extract] While past agreements have contained similar enforcement provisions for the environment chapter, no Party has ever brought a formal case based on the environmental provisions of any U.S. FTA—despite documented violations. In fact, the only provision related to the environment used with regularity is Investor-State Dispute Settlement (ISDS), which allows companies to sue governments for enacting and upholding environmental and other laws. The regular use of ISDS starkly contrasts the underutilization and ineffectiveness of party dispute settlement or citizen suit provisions—mechanisms that have the potential to enforce environmental obligations in FTAs…”

3 Ways the TPP Will Hurt the Climate—If We Let It Pass

Ben Lilliston, IATP (12 November 2015).
[Extract] While environmental groups hailed the Keystone announcement, they have criticized the Administration’s push for a massive new trade agreement called the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) as a big step backward on climate. In fact, the proposed agreement, finally made public last week, is literally in climate denial: nowhere in its 5,000-plus pages do the words “climate change” appear.In many ways, the TPP is a broad attack on locally based economies that protect the climate and support renewable energy. Instead, the agreement tilts the playing field in favor of multinational corporations and financial institutions. Fortunately, it’s far from a done deal.

TPP Text: Comparison of Leaked and Final Text

Dr. Deborah Gleeson, La Trobe University (7 November 2015).
20 – Trade – Climate Change – “Transmission to a low Emissions and Resilient Economy” – Coherence